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Castlemaine, County Kerry
Castlemaine - Caisleán na Mainge - The Castle of the River Maine
Location of Castlemaine
Castlemaine Town is located in the South-West of Ireland in County Kerry. Castlemaine is the gateway to both the Dingle Peninsula and the Ring of Kerry. Castlemaine, a former market-town, is situated on the harbour of Castlemaine.
History of Castlemaine
Castlemaine takes its name from a castle erected on the bridge over the River Maine by Mac Carthy More and the Earl of Desmond as a defense to the River Maine crossing. Each chief was to protect it alternately; but when the Earl received possession of it from MacCarthy, he refused to admit McCarthy, and kept entire possession of the castle, which remained in his family under the reign of Elizabeth.
Castlemaine is situated on the north side of the river Maine and lies south-east of the Slieve Mish range of mountains. The Maine flows into the harbour of Castlemaine, the castle stood over it and projected considerably on the east side; and buttresses of the arch by which it was supported are still remaining, and the stone socket on which the pivot of the castle gate turned is still to be seen.
To the west of the town lies the ruins of Castledrum, where the Australian outlaw, known as the Wild Colonial Boy was born. He is celebrated in a song of the same name. The tune originated in Ireland and emigrated to Australia. The villain may be based on the career of Jack Donahue. Jack Donohue was a criminal who was transported to Australia. He escaped and resumed a life of crime, but was eventually captured and shot in 1830
Wild Colonial Boy
There was a wild colonial boy, Jack Duggan was his name,
He was born and raised in Ireland in a place called Castlemaine.
He was his father's only son, his mother's pride and joy,
And dearly did his parents love the wild colonial boy.
At the early age of sixteen years he left his native home,
And to Australia's sunny shore he was inclined to roam.
He robbed the rich, he helped the poor, he shot James McAvoy,
A terror to Australia was the wild colonial boy.
One morning on the prairie as Jack he rode along
A-listening to the mockingbird a-singing a cheerful song,
Out stepped a band of troopers, Kelly Davis and Fitzroy
They all set out to capture him, the wild colonial boy.
"Surrender now, Jack Duggan, for you see we're three to one,
Surrender in the Queen's high name for you're a plundering son."
Jack drew two pistols from his belt and proudly waved them high
"I'll fight, but not surrender," said the wild colonial boy.
He fired a shot at Kelly which brought him to the ground,
And turning round to Davis he received a fatal wound.
A bullet pierced his proud young heart from the pistol of Fitzroy
And that was how they captured him, the wild colonial boy.
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